The stats from 1860 - three years before Emancipation

Slaves In GA4


Free People of Color In GA4


Whites In Montgomery Co.4


Slaves In Montgomery Co.4


Total Free Population In GA4


Of 41,084 Slaveholders Had 20 Or More Slaves4


Slaveholders Had 5 Or Less Slaves4


Free People Of Color In Montgomery Co.4

Federal Census, 1790 - 1840

Only the heads of free households appear in these records. All others, including slaves, are noted statistically under the head of household or reported owner. No notation of slave by name, age, sex, or origination appears. The census lists slaves statistically under the owner’s name.

Free African-Americans In 1790 - 1840 Censuses

Enumerated with the remainder of the free population. Black (B) or Mulatto (M) indicates the race of the head of the household. Other members of the household were listed in age brackets by sex. Censuses for 1790 and 1810 list free nonwhites in a category titled “all other free persons”; there is no distinction made between free blacks and Native Americans not on reservations. The censuses for 1820–1840 listed people of color separately.

Free African-Americans In 1850 & 1860 Censuses

Beginning in 1850, the census named all free members of households, white and nonwhite. The enumerator recorded the person’s name, age, sex, place of birth, and the color of each free person in a household (e.g., black, white, or mulatto).

Slaves In The 1850 & 1860 Censuses

For these two censuses, slaves were enumerated on a separate schedule. The census does not record slave names; census takers were instructed to substitute numbers in place of names on the slave schedules. The slave schedules are arranged by state, then by county, and then by owner. These schedules record the number of slaves owned and their color (black or mulatto); sex; age; whether “deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic”; the number of fugitives from the state; and the number manumitted. There is no index for the slave schedules. The 1870 census is the first to include African Americans by name along with the rest of the population, and is often the first official record of a surname for former slaves.

*Citations for this page noted on Scots page listed as (4) & (5).